Who dated Henry IV of France?

Catherine Henriette de Balzac d'Entragues dated Henry IV of France from ? to ?

Charlotte de Sauve dated Henry IV of France from ? to ?

Charlotte des Essarts dated Henry IV of France from ? to ?

Claude de Beauvilliers dated Henry IV of France from ? to ?

Diane d'Andoins dated Henry IV of France from ? to ?

Esther Imbert dated Henry IV of France from ? to ?

Fleurette de Nérac dated Henry IV of France from ? to ?

Françoise de Montmorency-Fosseux dated Henry IV of France from ? to ?

Gabrielle d'Estrées dated Henry IV of France from ? to ?

Jacqueline de Bueil dated Henry IV of France from ? to ?

Jeanne de Tignonville dated Henry IV of France from ? to ?

Louise de Budos dated Henry IV of France from ? to ?

Marie-Charlotte de Balzac d’Entragues dated Henry IV of France from ? to ?

Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France

Henry IV (French: Henri IV, read as Henri-Quatre [ɑ̃ʁi katʁ]; 13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), also known by the epithet Good King Henry or Henry the Great, was King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was the first monarch of France from the House of Bourbon, a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty. He was assassinated in 1610 by François Ravaillac, a fanatical Catholic, and was succeeded by his son Louis XIII.

The son of Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme and Jeanne d'Albret, the Queen of Navarre, Henry was baptised as a Catholic but raised in the Protestant faith by his mother. He inherited the throne of Navarre in 1572 on his mother's death. As a Huguenot, Henry was involved in the French Wars of Religion, barely escaping assassination in the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre. He later led Protestant forces against the royal army.

Henry IV and his predecessor Henry III of France are both direct descendants of the Saint-King Louis IX. Henry III belonged to the House of Valois, descended from Philip III of France, elder son of Saint Louis; Henry IV belonged to the House of Bourbon, descended from Robert, Count of Clermont, younger son of Saint Louis. As Head of the House of Bourbon, Henry was "first prince of the blood". Upon the death of his brother-in-law and distant cousin Henry III in 1589, Henry was called to the French succession by the Salic law.

He initially kept the Protestant faith (the only French king to do so) and had to fight against the Catholic League, which denied that he could wear France's crown as a Protestant. To obtain mastery over his kingdom, after four years of stalemate, he found it prudent to abjure the Calvinist faith. As a pragmatic politician (in the parlance of the time, a politique), he displayed an unusual religious tolerance for the era. Notably, he promulgated the Edict of Nantes (1598), which guaranteed religious liberties to Protestants, thereby effectively ending the Wars of Religion.

Considered a usurper by some Catholics and a traitor by some Protestants, Henry became target of at least 12 assassination attempts. An unpopular king among his contemporaries, Henry gained more status after his death. He was admired for his repeated victories over his enemies and his conversion to Catholicism. The "Good King Henry" (le bon roi Henri) was remembered for his geniality and his great concern about the welfare of his subjects. An active ruler, he worked to regularise state finance, promote agriculture, eliminate corruption and encourage education. During his reign, the French colonization of the Americas truly began with the foundation of the colony of Acadia and its capital Port-Royal. He was celebrated in the popular song "Vive le roi Henri" (which later became an anthem for the French monarchy during the reigns of his successors) and in Voltaire's Henriade.

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Catherine Henriette de Balzac d'Entragues

Catherine Henriette de Balzac d'Entragues

Catherine Henriette de Balzac d'Entragues, Marquise de Verneuil [katʁin ɑ̃ʁjɛt də balzak dɑ̃tʁaɡ maʁkiz də vɛʁnœj] (1579–1633) was the favourite mistress of Henry IV of France after Gabrielle d'Estrées died: her sister Marie-Charlotte de Balzac d’Entragues was also a mistress of the king. She was the daughter of Charles Balzac d'Entragues and his wife Marie Touchet, who was formerly the sole mistress of Charles IX of France.

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Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France
 

Charlotte de Sauve

Charlotte de Sauve

Charlotte de Beaune Semblançay, Viscountess of Tours, Baroness de Sauve, Marquise de Noirmoutier (26 October 1551 – 30 September 1617) was a French noblewoman and a mistress of King Henry of Navarre, who later ruled as King Henry IV of France. She was a member of Queen Mother Catherine de' Medici's notorious "Flying Squadron" (L'escadron volant in French), a group of beautiful female spies and informants recruited to seduce important men at Court, and thereby extract information to pass on to the Queen Mother.

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Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France
 

Charlotte des Essarts

Charlotte des Essarts

Charlotte des Essarts (1580-1651), was a French noblewoman. She was the mistress to Henry IV of France in 1607-1609. She had two daughters with the king. She was a lady-in-waiting to the queen, Maria de Medici. She participated in many political plots at court.

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Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France
 

Claude de Beauvilliers

Description in English not found, we only have a description in French:

Claude Beauvilliers de Saint-Aignan, dite Claude II en religion, née le à La Ferté-Hubert (Loir-et-Cher) et morte le à Couilly (Seine-et-Marne), est une abbesse et religieuse bénédictine française.

 
 

Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France
 

Diane d'Andoins

Diane d'Andoins

Diane d'Andoins or d'Andouins (Diane of Andoins) was born in Hagetmau in the fall of 1554, and died there in February 1621. The Countess of Guiche, and called "the beautiful Corisande", she was known for having been a royal mistress of King Henri III of Navarre (the future Henri IV of France) between 1582 and 1591.

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Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France
 

Esther Imbert

Esther Imbert (1570-1593), was a French noblewoman. She was the mistress of Henry IV of France in 1586–1588. She had a child with the king, Gideon (1588-1589). She was accepted by Diane d'Andoins as a mistress of secondary rank.

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Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France
 

Fleurette de Nérac

Fleurette de Nérac

Description in English not found, we only have a description in German:

Fleurette de Nérac († 25. August 1592 in Nérac) war eine Mätresse des französischen Königs Heinrich IV.

 
 

Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France
 

Françoise de Montmorency-Fosseux

Françoise de Montmorency-Fosseux

Françoise de Montmorency-Fosseux (1566 – 6 December 1614), also called "La Belle Fosseuse" or "La Fosseuse", was mistress to King Henry III of Navarre (future King Henry IV of France) from 1579 to 1581.

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Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France
 

Gabrielle d'Estrées

Gabrielle d'Estrées

Gabrielle d'Estrées, Duchess of Beaufort and Verneuil, Marchioness of Monceaux (French pronunciation: ​[ɡabʁiɛl dɛstʁe]; 1573 – 10 April 1599) was a mistress, confidante and adviser of Henry IV of France. She persuaded Henry to renounce Protestantism in favour of Catholicism in 1593. Later she urged French Catholics to accept the Edict of Nantes, which granted certain rights to the Protestants. It was legally impossible for the king to marry her, because he was already married to Margaret of Valois, but he acknowledged Gabrielle as the mother of three of his children, and as "the subject most worthy of our friendship".

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Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France
 

Jacqueline de Bueil

Jacqueline de Bueil

Jacqueline de Bueil (1588-1651), was a French noblewoman and mistress to Henry IV of France in 1604-1608.

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Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France
 

Jeanne de Tignonville

Jeanne du Monceau de Tignonville (1555-1596), was a French noblewoman. She was mistress to Henry IV of France in 1576–81. She was known as La petite Tignonville and used her position to enrich herself and her relations. She also had an affair with Pierre de Bourdeille, seigneur de Brantôme.

She was played by Eva Grimaldi in Jean-Charles Tacchella's film Dames Galantes (1990).

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Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France
 

Louise de Budos

Louise de Budos

Description in English not found, we only have a description in French:

Louise de Budos, dame de Vachères, duchesse de Montmorency ( - ), fut la seconde épouse d'Henri Ier de Montmorency, Connétable de France, et plus tard la maîtresse du roi Henri IV de France.

 
 

Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France
 

Marie-Charlotte de Balzac d’Entragues

Marie-Charlotte de Balzac d’Entragues (1588-1664), was a French noble. She was the mistress to Henry IV of France in 1605-1609. She was the daughter of Charles Balzac d'Entragues and Marie Touchet, who was formerly the sole mistress of Charles IX of France, and the sister of Catherine Henriette de Balzac d'Entragues, also mistress of Henry IV.

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Children of Henry IV of France and their partners:

Father of Henry IV of France and his parters: